The Arkansas River is a major tributary of the Mississippi River.It generally flows to the east and southeast as it traverses the U.S. states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas.The river's source basin lies in the western United States in Colorado, specifically the Arkansas River Valley, where the headwaters derive from the snowpack in the Sawatch and Mosquito mountain ranges. August 1915 was a very unfavorable month for crops and farm work. Record-setting rain has sent rivers over the banks in Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. The combination of near-infrared and visible light (MODIS bands 7-2-1) makes it easier to see rivers out of their banks and water spread across flood plains. In some locations the Arkansas River backed upstream into its tributaries, causing major flooding.  Flash flooding and broader areal flooding caused Bird Creek to inundate areas around Skiatook. As of May 29, the National Weather Service reported flooding at 22 gauges along the river in Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas, not including nearby tributaries and lakes. Kaw Lake's depth reached 112.16% of its flood pool capacity on May 24, causing the associated surcharge pool to completely fill; similar circumstances were present at Keystone and Ooologah lakes, prompting releases of the excess water downstream. Many stations in the north and northwestern portion of Arkansas measured more than 10" during April 1945. :4 Atmospheric moisture was also atypically high during this period, with precipitable water content persisting between 1.5–2 in (38–51 mm), thereby increasing the precipitation potential of each individual shower and thunderstorm. , Prior to the primary flood event, water levels along the Arkansas River at Muskogee had remained just below flood stage. The river has been 18 to 20 feet above flood stage since May 26, and water spilled over two levees southeast of the city. This so called “fuseplug” levee development, was in Cairo, IL, at the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. :25 Tulsa city officials recommended that people living west of Downtown Tulsa evacuate in acknowledgement of the old age of the levees protecting the city from the swollen Arkansas River.
:30 Widespread runoff from the May 26 caused Keystone Lake to rise further, reaching a record elevation of 757.19 ft (230.79 m) two days later. From the standpoint of human suffering, destruction of property, and cost, it was one of the worst disaster in the history of the nation to that time. Several river gauges recorded flooding conditions lasting for more than a week; the longest flood was documented along the Arkansas River near Muskogee, which remained above flood stage for 22 days and 5 hours. The National Weather Service authority as the U.S. Government entity responsible for providing flood forecast services is established in Article 1 of the Constitution, the "Organic Act" of 1890 (15 USC 313) and the "Flood Control Act" of 1938 (33 USC 706). DENTON, Texas –– Preliminary Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs) are available for review by residents and business owners in all communities and unincorporated areas of …
Last map update: Land  United States National Guard helicopters dropped 4,000 lb (1,800 kg) sandbags to reinforce strained levees.
Flash... England, J.F., Jr., Cohn, T.A., Faber, B.A., Stedinger, J.R., Thomas, W.O., Jr., Veilleux, A.G., Kiang, J.E., and Mason, R.R., Jr., 2019, Guidelines for determining flood flow frequency—Bulletin 17C (ver. Feaster, T.D., and Koenig, T.A, 2017, Field manual for identifying and preserving high-water mark data: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2017–1105, 67 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171105. :1 Within the warning region of the National Weather Service office in Tulsa, Oklahoma, at least one river was at flood stage between the evening of May 20 and the morning of June 13. Arkansas suffered more devastation, both human and monetary, than any other state in the Mississippi River Valley. The return period refers to the probability of a given flood peak occurring over a period of time. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.. Visit our COVID-19 page and coronavirus.gov for the latest updates on the pandemic response. On May 28, 2019, the Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8 obtained closer views of flooding near Tulsa, Oklahoma.
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