Elisabeth Christine became queen dowager upon the death of Frederick the Great on 17 August 1786. (2004).  Elisabeth was the niece of Empress Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, wife of Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI. In 1667 Ferdinand Albert was awarded the castle of Bevern near Holzminden. The reigns of dukes Henry the Younger, Julius and Henry Julius followed, under whose lordship the Residenz of Wolfenbüttel was expanded and the principality gained a Germany-wide standing. Numerous Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel officers served in high positions in the Prussian Army, most notably during the Seven Years' War. On 4 August 1714, he mairit Eleonore Charlotte o Kurland (1686-1748), dochter o Friedrich Casimir Kettler, Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge, Ernest Ferdinand, Duke o Brunswick-Lüneburg, Ferdinand Albert I, Duke o Brunswick-Lüneburg, https://sco.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ernst_Ferdinand,_Duke_o_Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern&oldid=810401, Pages uisin dupleecate arguments in template caws, Pages uisin infobox ryalty wi unkent parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Christine Sophie (1717-1779) mairit Margrave. This enterprise was supported by Abbot Jerusalem, the founder of the Collegium Carolinum. She was often greeted by cheering crowds when she appeared in public. In the heyday of the town's development its districts were named after various dukes: the Auguststadt in the west, the Juliusstadt in the east and the Heinrichstadt. Jahrhunderts, Zur Rolle der Bauern im Duchy of BS-WF auf der Cremlingen.de, Castle of the House of Welf at Wolfenbüttel, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Principality_of_Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel&oldid=961927166, Former states and territories of Lower Saxony, 1260s establishments in the Holy Roman Empire, Articles with German-language sources (de), Short description is different from Wikidata, Lower Saxony articles missing geocoordinate data, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 June 2020, at 04:26. Spalding commented: "her memory will always be blessed as a touching example of the noblest mental qualities, the most enlightened and lively piety, and the most wonderfully active benevolence.". After the death of her friend Sophie Caroline von Camas in 1766, she published a French translation of Le Chrétien dans la Solitude. When Berlin was threatened in 1757, it was Elisabeth who took the responsibility for the royal house and ordered for its evacuation to Magdeburg. , Elisabeth successfully introduced silk cultivation to Prussia and was involved in charity, to which she contributed 23,000 thalers out of her allowance of 40,000 thalers, more than half her income. On 4 August 1714, he mairit Eleonore Charlotte o Kurland (1686-1748), dochter o Friedrich Casimir Kettler, . The Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel in 1789, Napoleonic era and transfer to the Duchy of Brunswick, Duke Charles William Ferdinand of Brunswick, List of the rulers of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Karte von Niedersachsen am Ende des 18. Son of Henry of Dannenberg (1533-1598) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg. According to Bornstedt, Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel was therefore the first principality in the Holy Roman Empire to do away with feudalism. He didn't care for ceremonial court life and representation and left most of the posts in his own court vacant at Potsdam. In 1635 Duke Augustus the Younger, from the collateral line of Lüneburg-Dannenberg, took over the reins of power in the principality and founded the New House of Brunswick. These substantial collections had been amassed by the Brunswick dukes. Only the archives, the ecclesiastical office and the library remained as a link to earlier times. From 1519 to 1523 the principality went to war with the principalities of Hildesheim and Lüneburg in the Hildesheim Diocesan Feud which, despite a resounding defeat in the Battle of Soltau, eventually resulted in large territorial gains accruing to Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. In Berlin, Elisabeth received foreign princes, ambassadors and generals; entertained the royal family and Prussian aristocracy with concerts; and hosted a circle of Lutheran theologians such as Büschning, Spaldning and Zöllner. Elisabeth indeed remained attached to her father-in-law, who was particularly fond of her piety, which did nothing to endear her husband. She was praised for her charity work during the Seven Years' War.  On 12 June, 17-years-old Elisabeth was married to Frederick at her father's summer palace, Schloss Salzdahlum in Wolfenbüttel, Germany. that the family were not prematurely evicted as would have been the case before. Frederick gave Elisabeth her own summer residence, Schönhausen Palace in Berlin, and redecorated her apartments in the Berlin Royal Palace, appointing a large court for her to assist her in upholding the court routine. At a time when the political situation between Austria and Prussia had heated up once again, the small and medium-sized German states planned the creation of a larger princely state as a counterbalancing force. Albert I (also called Albert the Tall) (1236-1279) was given the regions around Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Einbeck-Grubenhagen and Göttingen-Oberwald. Duke Charles William Ferdinand of Brunswick was to be asked to join this league of princes (Fürstenbund) which he did on 30 August. Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern, Clarissa Campbell Orr: Queenship in Europe 1660-1815: The Role of the Consort. The extensive gardens in front of the three town gates (the Herzogtor, Harztor and Augusttor) were leased to the former gardeners as an emphyteusis. Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 2002, S. 185, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 06:16. Her translations of the Réflexions sur l'etat des affaires publiques en 1778 aroused public patriotism during the War of Bavarian Succession. Augustus the Younger (1579 – 1666) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Prince of Wolfenbüttel from 1635. Following the twelfth division of the duchy in 1495, whereby the Principality of Brunswick-Calenberg-Göttingen was re-divided into its component territories, Duke Henry the Elder was given the land of Brunswick, to which the name of the new Residenz at Wolfenbüttel was added.  Thus, Elizabeth's position at the Berlin Court was difficult from the beginning, as the only support that she could count on was the King's. As a consequence jam factories were established which were characteristic of Wolfenbüttel until the 20th century. He — and later his son Ferdinand Albert II — were princes of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern. S. 228. " The king himself only very rarely attended any of the court events, while the queen was always present. The Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern emerged from an inheritance dispute between Ferdinand Albert I and his brothers. The recess laid down that all arbitrariness (Willkür) in the levies on stewards, or Meier, of feudal manors, particularly on the death of the farmer, were cancelled. From then on the name of the principality became "Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel". Ernst Ferdinand o Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern (4 Mairch 1682 – 14 Aprile 1746) wis a teetular Duke o Brunswick an Lüneburg.He wis Prince o Brunswick-Bevern and foondit o the younger Brunswick-Bevern line.. Mairiage. Various dynastic lines of the House of Welf ruled Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel until the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. , Elisabeth therefore had a very visible and official role in Prussia. However, he was shrewd enough to recognise the opportunity she provided to improve his own relationship with his father and systematically used her to gain royal favours. For example, the lines of Grubenhagen and Göttingen were split for a while. This pattern continued even after the couple moved to the palace in Rheinsberg in 1736. 2. According to Bornstedt  serfdom in the state was abolished with the "Recess of 17 May 1433" by Henry the Peaceful. In 1571 the castle and village of Calvörde became part of the principality thanks to Duke Julius of Brunswick. In 1753 the ducal art and natural history collection - forerunner of the Natural History Museum - was founded.  While he on rare occasions participated in Berlin court life, he never visited her court at Schönhausen, nor was she ever invited to Sanssouci. In 1735 Ferdinand Albert II took over the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, the subordinate principality returning to the overarching Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. She was praised for her charity work during the Seven Years' War. On their wedding night, Frederick spent a reluctant hour with his wife and then walked about outside for the rest of the night. Her political works were included in the royal library and the King presented her with his own ideas.  The marriage was arranged by Frederick William I of Prussia and Ferdinand Albert. Under his rule Wolfenbüttel reached its cultural zenith. In the meanwhile the dukes became weary of the constant disputes with the citizens of the town of Brunswick and, in 1432, moved their Residenz to the water castle of Wolfenbüttel, which lay in a marshy depression of the river Oker about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south of Brunswick. Auflage. His brother John (1242-1277) inherited the land around Lüneburg and founded the Old House of Lüneburg. August Wilhelm, Duke o Brunswick-Bevern (1715-1781) Paul Noack: Elisabeth Christine und Friedrich der Große. Issue. He wis Prince o Brunswick-Bevern and foondit o the younger Brunswick-Bevern line. , During the Seven Years' War, the King was permanently absent from the capital for six years, which made the Queen become the symbol of Prussian resilience in the capital during the crisis. "The Hidden Queen: Elisabeth Christine of Prussia and Hohenzollern Queenship in the Eighteenth Century" in. In 1806 Duke Charles William Ferdinand was mortally wounded as a Prussian general in the Battle of Auerstedt. Frederick was often absent even at his own official birthday celebration, where she received birthday congratulations in his place, and when he did attend, he normally appeared very briefly. He wis a Dens field marshal an the last Duke o Brunswick-Bevern This page wis last eeditit on 9 October 2020, at 19:31. She said of herself: "God has graciously kept me, so that I need not reproach myself for any action by which any person has with my knowledge been hurt. In 1667 Ferdinand Albert was awarded the castle of Bevern near Holzminden. There were further reunifications and divisions. In August 1784 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe stayed in Brunswick on a political mission, when he accompanied the Weimarsch minister, his duke, Charles Augustus. At the end of the 19th century Flurbereinigung or land consolidation took place. The Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (German: Fürstentum Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel) was a subdivision of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, whose history was characterised by numerous divisions and reunifications. The area of Brunswick(-Wolfenbüttel) was further subdivided in the succeeding decades.
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