islam geography definition


The founder of the Islamic Empire was a philosopher/prophet, but what we know of Muhammad comes mostly from accounts at least two or three generations after his death.

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During the reign of the first four caliphs, Arab Muslims conquered large regions in the Middle East, including Syria, Palestine, Iran and Iraq. With the growing issues of militant ISLAM, religious fundamentalism, and cultural politics, there is an increasing awareness of the field.

Living and being with #God requires a servitude to our…, RT @ShiaSource1: Family is a Priority For many observations like determining the latitudes and longitudes, degree of arc and so forth, there were many methods which were used.

He continued to preach until his death in 632. In the subsequent centuries, there were born many noted Muslim geographers. With that in mind, let’s take a look at twenty more interesting facts about Islam.

Heavily used sea and land routes eventually connected  all the Muslim lands, extended around and through India to SouthEast Asia and China, stretched north along the Volga River to Scandinavia, and an deep into Africa.

Around the same period, Muslim sailors increased the navigation in the Indian ocean, and discovered the Far East. All Rights Reserved. Al-Biruni devised a new method for measuring latitudes and longitudes, and carried out measurements of roundness of earth, determination of elevation of many cities, and studied geography of India. © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-3934-5, Reference Module Humanities and Social Sciences, Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures, Geometry and Architecture in the Americas, Hospitals and Medical Schools in the Ottoman Empire. Along with Hajj and religious journeying to holy sites, the rapid growth of dynamic Islamic civilization needed commerce on an unprecedented rate, this requirement accelerated growth of well serviced roads. Basic Facts About Islam, PBS. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view Arberry; Haleem; Side-by-side; Chapter: verse lookup Select one or both translations, then enter a chapter and verse number in the boxes, and click "Go." The internal logic of this study has tended to split modern geography into two parts: physical and human.
The Muslims’ interest in geography not only included the lands of Andalusia, North Africa, South Europe, Asia but also great oceans and seas.

78.46.143.25. With the perfection of Astrolabes, the sailing over high seas became easier in Muslim world.

READ MORE: Why the Quran Was a Bestseller Among Christians in 18th Century America.

Arnold, T. W. (1926). The Muslim geographers’ immense contribution in the field of geography, oceanography, and related sciences paved the way for understanding of geography and discovery and exploration of new parts of the earth. The Muslim geographers’ immense contribution in the field of geography, oceanography, and related sciences paved the way for understanding of geography and discovery and exploration of new parts of the earth. Both the Old Testament and the New Testament have undergone changes over the centuries, ...read more.

Pew Research Center.Islam Rituals and Worship: Symbolism, The Religion Library.The Islamic Calendar: TimeandDate.com.

Whether acknowledged by the West or not, an Islamic epistemology exists for both natural and human sciences. Islam is the second largest religion in the world after Christianity, with about 1.8 billion Muslims worldwide. The  Ibn Rustah traveled through Volga and Caspian regions, al-Balkhi was an early map maker, and al-Maqdisi journeyed throughout Islamic lands. With today’s birth rates and conversions to the religion, Islam … Islam, BBC. The calendar began in the year 622 A.D., celebrating the journey of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina. Nevertheless, if we confine the meaning of science and technology to the natural and exact sciences, then a survey of geography in Islam may be divided into three categories: exploration and navigation, physical geography, and cartography and mathematical geography.
However, many Muslims do not support such extreme measures.

Al-Biruni devised a new method for measuring latitudes and longitudes, and carried out measurements of roundness of earth, determination of elevation of many cities, and studied geography of India. Linking commercial, cultural, and religious centers, this network carried generations of trading fleets and caravans bearing goods between all Muslim regions and some beyond, promoting a standard that was more remarkably uniform and more advanced than that generally known in Europe at that time.”  [1] This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Eid al-Fitr: marks the end of Ramadan—the Islamic holy month of fasting. Today, Islam is the world’s fastest growing religion. It is often considered a theocracy.

With about 470 million followers, scholars consider Buddhism one of the major world religions. The journeys were not confined to the political boundaries of the Islamic empire but extended to distant regions such as China, Southeast Asia, Southern Africa, and... Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. The Islamic calendar, also called the Hijra calendar, is a lunar calendar used in Islamic religious worship. In the same century, Ahmad  al-Sarakhsi, and Ibn Khurdadhbih and others composed a series works entitled Routes and Kingdoms for studying the various routes and provinces to be used by postal system. Thus the different people are brought together in the mutual understanding, which only God’s own art can bring to pass…..To obtain the information concerning the places of the earth has now become incomparably easier and safer (than it was before).” [2] Muslims raiding corsairs even reached Iceland. In fact, Muslims are frequently victims of violence themselves. The rapid expansion of Islam, requirement of annual pilgrimage of Hajj, Qur’anic teachings about roaming the world for observations and analysis, commercial and political interests of Muslims necessitated advancements and developments in the science of geography in the Islamic world. Thus the different people are brought together in the mutual understanding, which only God’s own art can bring to pass…..To obtain the information concerning the places of the earth has now become incomparably easier and safer (than it was before).” [2], The Muslim scholars were immensely motivated by the verses of holy Qur’an which encourage men to travel in the world and make observations about civilizations and nations to derive lessons and guidance from their stories. Buang, A. Abu Abdallah al-Idrisi authored Book of Roger for Roger II, this book makes most elaborate description of the world in medieval periods. Beginning in the 12th century and continuing for hundreds of years, the Inquisition is infamous for the severity of its tortures and its ...read more, Mormons are a religious group that embrace concepts of Christianity as well as revelations made by their founder, Joseph Smith. In the Muslim world, the subject of astronomy has been closely associated with geography. Although rare, this can include military jihad if a “just war” is needed. They primarily belong to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, or LDS, which is headquartered in Salt Lake City, Utah, and has more than 16 ...read more, Christianity is the most widely practiced religion in the world, with more than 2 billion followers. Buang, A. This journey became known as the Hijra (also spelled Hegira or Hijrah), and marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. The means of navigation were improved which strengthened the spirit of touring around the world for trade, knowledge, and other purposes.

Geography (from Greek: γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and planets.

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