the definitive guide to transportation pdf

The same is true in transportation terminology and logistics. N�������>��x��,x�]�I��l�=��hC�A�����xDm�;h 4���̪��S�&M�$8��~��ԅ�}�2�"I����/Էj��j��᳅ϭK�L� b�"�j%Agj���Y��j߷�]�kI�����V��I�$�)��`/3� B/�rꛚ�7�`�Yt'�W�����I�,ˆJ���#w���EVEg 0���J�I�J�%� W �F"�%a�St.a�v!A�"�̇HU-�ke��Ho������fq�g���;�3-����K&���|��`�0���*,����;�R"�t��׸�߹]]���%�G�Y�+df+I��p5��� ���)���kX>���+h�aW5��~�{*��~jx�a;���,�*ʒx�U�*m��} s�j���1l�Ro{��N�fn-�{[���u�u���YY/�H��iY���V��^�����������O��4��*)]�Jna#����9:�Pokx��s����R7�pZ�aUfQ\�������`�\����7�qz���� ��;��|��������>O�9��C��9��a����Z�n��` C��\~_0�>���_�N��-\��r���r�. if (window.document.exitFullscreen) window.document.exitFullscreen(); Coverage includes: SECTION 1  TRANSPORTATION:  THE BASICS     1Chapter 1  Transportation in Business and the Economy     3Transportation and Logistics     4Transportation and the Supply Chain    6Transportation and the Economy     7Transportation, Society, and the Environment    10Summary     12Endnotes     12Chapter 2  A Survey of Transportation Modes     15An Overview of the Modes     15The Five Modes of Transportation     17   Road Transportation    17   Rail Transportation     25   Water Transportation     31   Air Transportation     36   Pipeline Transportation     37Intermodal Transportation     38Summary    44Endnotes     45Chapter 3  The Economics of Transportation     47Accounting Costs and Economic Costs     47Fixed Costs and Variable Costs     48Carrier Cost Metrics    50Carrier Pricing and Costs for Shippers     54Expressions of Transportation Rates     56Additional Services and Fees     59Summary     61Endnotes     62Chapter 4  The Transportation Services Market     63Private Transportation     63   Private Road Fleets    63   Advantages of Private Road Fleets     65   Other (Nonroad) Private Fleets     66Outsourcing Transportation     67   Contract Carriage (2PLs)     67   Third-Party Logistics Providers (3PLs) 67   Lead Logistics Providers/Integrators (4PLs)     70   Freight Forwarders     71   Difference Between 3PLs and Freight Forwarders     72   Brokers     73Summary    74Endnotes     74SECTION 2  TRANSPORTATION FOR MANAGERS     77Chapter 5  An Overview of Transportation Management     79Transportation Management Decision Making    79Network Design     80   Typology of Transport Networks     81   Optimization    83   Heuristics and Simulations    84Lane Analysis    85Mode and Carrier Selection    90Service Negotiations    94   Shipper—Receiver Negotiations     94   Shipper—Carrier Negotiations    96   Contract Versus Spot Rates     96   Contractual Provisions     97Service Evaluation     99Dock- and Movement-Level Decisions     102Transportation Documentation     103   Documents Common to Domestic and International Transportation    104   Documents Exclusive to International Transportation     106Summary     108Endnotes     109Chapter 6  Transportation Technologies     111Understanding the Need for Technology: The Bullwhip Effect    113Technology Architecture     115   Hosted Systems/Hosted Software     115   Software as a Service (SaaS)     115Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)     116   What Is EDI? There are 18 commodity classes based on an evaluation of four transportation characteristics: density, stowability, handling and liability. • Over-Dimensional (Wide Load): Cargo that is larger than the legally defined limits for width, length, height, and/or weight and cannot be broken down into smaller units. To learn more about GlobalTranz, please visit. Get the latest industry advice on logistics, transportation management, best practices, trends, tips and more! • Less-Than-Truckload (LTL): Quantity of freight less than that required for the application of a full truckload (FTL) rate. Whether you are new to the transportation industry, are a seasoned veteran, or just want to better understand transportation terminology, this comprehensive reference guide is for you. • Accessorial Charge: Amount billed for additional, supplemental or special services provided, usually a flat fee. Fees are usually involved. This is the most authoritative and complete guide to planning, implementing, measuring, and optimizing world-class supply chain transportation processes. • Layover: When a driver is detained overnight or for a 24-hour period while waiting to pick up or deliver a shipment. Common for moving smaller loads or LTL shipments. This practice is typically used for expedited shipments but will have a greater cost. • Detention/Demurrage: Charge by the carrier for excess retention of their equipment. This is standard practice at international U.S. borders where carriers can only operate in one country and must pass off the load to a carrier authorized to transport loads in the country of the load’s destination. • Dunnage: Filler material placed in empty spaces to keep cargo from moving or falling. } Transportation provides the flow of inventory from points of origin in the supply chain to destinations, or points of use and consumption. var ifr = document.getElementById("JotFormIFrame-80944974393168"); switch (args[0]) { • Reefer: A trailer with insulated walls and a self-powered refrigeration unit. Adi Leitner. to gain access to bonus material or receive a coupon. Qmhkassja. • Lane: A move from point A to point B. case "exitFullscreen": • Shipper: Consignor, exporter or seller named in the bill of lading, who may or may not be the same as the party responsible for initiating a shipment. The open industry format known for its reflowable content and usability on supported mobile devices. • Truck Order Not Used (TORD): When a shipper orders a truck to pick up but cancels after a truck has been dispatched. • PRO number: A number assigned by the carrier to reference the shipment. if (args.length > 2) { iframe = document.getElementById("JotFormIFrame-" + args[(args.length - 1)]); } else { iframe = document.getElementById("JotFormIFrame"); } Many experts believe that the root cause of many industry wide issues stem simply from not all of the players in any given industry not using the same terminology.

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